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HOWTO: VDR 1.7.8, HDTV, VDPAU and CCcam with budget cards on Ubuntu 9.04 using S2API
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HOWTO: VDR 1.7.8, HDTV, VDPAU and CCcam with budget cards on Ubuntu 9.04 using S2API - 15-July-2009, 13:11

Introduction

Since September 2008 certain developers started a extension of the 4vl repository to add support for the second generation of DVB-api's which includes DVB-S2 support. This new extension is called S2API and has been included in v4l since October 2008 and is now also included in Linux kernel 2.6.28 and with Xubuntu 9.04 as well.

For those who don't want to use Google, I made a tutorial how I setup VDR in combination with my DVB budget card. I use the following hardware configuration:

- Enclosure : Antec NSK2480 (PSU included)
- Motherboard: Abit A-N78HD with the Geforce 8200 IGP
- CPU : AMD Athlon(tm) 64 X2 Dual Core Processor 4200+
- Memory : Kingston ValueRAM 2 GB DDR2-800 Kit (CL5)
- DVD-drive : LG GGC-H20LRB (DVD-RW, Blu-Ray and HDDVD)
- Harddisk : Samsung SpinPoint T 500GB
- Budgetcard : Hauppauge WinTV NOVA-HD-S2

All this, is connected to a Panasonic plasma using the onboard HDMI connector with the nvidia closed sources drivers.

DISCLAIMER: First I want to make one thing very clear. While this HOWTO allows you to get VDR running, I won't go into detail how you can install the compilation suite or other programs or Linux itself. I personally think that Linux knowledge is important before you continue to use Linux as your OS or as your primary DVB frontend.

I use Xubuntu 9.04 X86 myself and network, sound and video was working before starting the use of VDR. For dependencies, I use Ubuntu based apt-get install commands to get it compiled. Be sure to check your own distribution for the correct locations and additional depencies. Furthermore, I use the location /usr/local/src as the default directory. You can offcourse use an other location.

Before starting with this tutorial, make sure your DVB-S or DVB-S2 card is up and running (read: detected by Linux). For the people who use a Hauppauge NOVA-S2-HD or HVR-4000, you can use my other tutorial for that. Also, Igor's repo seems to support S2-3200 based cards as well.

WARNING! When using VDR 1.7.8, you require the S2API drivers and they must be downloaded installed! I use Igor's repo myself and this works with VDR 1.7.8. This tutorial works for DVB-S and DVB-S2 based budget cards and also DVB-S budget cards require S2API, even if they don't use it!

All commands which are used here, can be run from a Terminal Session within XFCE, KDE or Gnome or through a SSH connection. With all commands posted here, make sure you are using sudo -s so that your are the user root.

My Xubuntu 9.04 Desktop installation is the X86 edition. While my CPU can run the AMD64 edition, I decided not to do this. Mainly since certain optimalisation isn't entirely complete. So I would reccommend to install the X86 edition for the time being.

1. Xine and FFMpeg

Currently there does not exist a Full DVB-S2 card. Because of this we need to use a software based output plugin with VDR. Since we're going to use xineliboutput, we need additional software up-and-running before we're going to compile VDR and the additional plugins. We're going to use FFMpeg and Xine for this.

FFMpeg:
Code:
cd /usr/local/src
apt-get install build-essential
apt-get install mercurial cvs subversion git-core libncurses-dev
apt-get install autoconf libtool automake pkg-config gettext
apt-get install liba52-0.7.4-dev libmp3lame-dev libvorbis-dev zlib1g-dev libpng12-dev libx11-dev libxv-dev libxvmc-dev libasound2-dev libmpcdec-dev
apt-get install yasm
apt-get build-dep ffmpeg
git clone git://git.videolan.org/x264.git
cd x264
./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-pic --enable-shared --enable-pthread --enable-asm --extra-cflags="-mtune=native -march=native -mfpmath=sse -O4 -pipe"
make
make install
ldconfig -v
cd /usr/local/src
svn checkout svn://svn.mplayerhq.hu/ffmpeg/trunk ffmpeg
cd ffmpeg/
./configure --prefix=/usr --enable-shared --enable-gpl --enable-postproc --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libvorbis --enable-pthreads --enable-libx264 --extra-cflags="-mtune=native -march=native -mfpmath=sse -O4 -pipe"
make
make install
ldconfig –v
Xine-Lib 1.2 CVS:
Code:
cd /usr/local/src
apt-get install libcdio-dev libvcdinfo-dev
hg clone http://hg.debian.org/hg/xine-lib/xine-lib-1.2
wget http://www8.mplayerhq.hu/MPlayer/releases/codecs/essential-20071007.tar.bz2
tar xivf essential-20071007.tar.bz2
mv essential-20071007 /usr/lib/win32
ln -s /usr/lib/win32 /usr/lib/codecs
cd xine-lib-1.2
./autogen.sh --prefix=/usr --with-external-ffmpeg --disable-dxr3 --enable-w32dll --with-w32-path=/usr/lib/win32
make
make install
ldconfig -v
Xine-VDPAU 1.2 CVS:

Xine-VDPAU can only be used when you have a NVidia based GPU with Pure VideoHD capabilities. Als your GPU should have a minimum of 256MB of memory and you need to use v180.44 of de propriarty NVidia driver.

Code:
cd /usr/local/src
cd xine-lib-1.2
make uninstall
cd ..
mv xine-lib-1.2 xine-lib-1.2-non-vdpau
wget http://www.jusst.de/vdpau/files/xine-lib-1.2/xine-lib-1.2-vdpau-r273.diff.bz2
bzip2 -d xine-lib-1.2-vdpau-r273.diff.bz2
hg clone http://hg.debian.org/hg/xine-lib/xine-lib-1.2
cd xine-lib-1.2
patch -p1 < ../xine-lib-1.2-vdpau-r273.diff
./autogen.sh --prefix=/usr --with-external-ffmpeg --disable-dxr3 --enable-w32dll --with-w32-path=/usr/lib/win32
make
make install
ldconfig -v
Xine-UI CVS
Code:
cd /usr/local/src
apt-get install libxt-dev
# WARNING! We're going to install LIRCD and with this you can configure your remote if you want it used through LIRCD
apt-get install lirc lirc-modules-source lirc-x liblircclient-dev
wget http://home.vrweb.de/~rnissl/xine-ui-cvs-20090617220000.tar.bz2
tar xivf xine-ui-cvs-20090617220000.tar.bz2
cd xine-ui
./autogen.sh --prefix=/usr --enable-vdr-keys
make
make install
To test Xine and the other items. You can run the command xine from a Terminal Session (or use ALT-F2 and type xine as the command). If all goes well, the Xine-UI session should now come up. Because you started it for the first time, you can setup some items. For the time being, just press OK. Next you might want to play some media-files to check if the playback function works allright.

2. VDR and plugins

Now that Xine and FFmpeg have been installed. We can start with VDR 1.7.0 and the plugins.

VDR 1.7.8
Code:
cd /usr/local/src
apt-get install libfreetype6-dev libfontconfig1-dev libjpeg62-dev libcap-dev libncurses5-dev libncursesw5-dev
git clone git://projects.vdr-developer.org/vdr.git
wget http://www.thetick.de/vdr-1.7.8-extensions.tar.bz2
tar xivf vdr-1.7.8-extensions.tar.bz2
cd vdr/
patch -p1 < ../vdr-1.7.8_extensions.diff
cp Make.config.template Make.config
Before starting to compile, you need to create Make.config file in the /usr/local/src/vdr folder using your favorite editor like vi, nano or mc. Be sure to use the following content:

Code:
#
# User defined Makefile options for the Video Disk Recorder
#
# Copy this file to 'Make.config' and change the parameters as necessary.
#
# See the main source file 'vdr.c' for copyright information and
# how to reach the author.
#
# $Id: Make.config.template 2.1 2009/01/18 10:46:13 kls Exp $

### The C compiler and options:

CC       = gcc
CFLAGS   = -g -O2 -Wall

CXX      = g++
CXXFLAGS = -g -O2 -Wall -Woverloaded-virtual -Wno-parentheses

ifdef PLUGIN
CFLAGS   += -fPIC
CXXFLAGS += -fPIC
DEFINES += -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGEFILE_SOURCE -D_LARGEFILE64_SOURCE
endif

### The directory environment:

DVBDIR   = /usr/local/src/s2-liplianin/linux
MANDIR   = /usr/man
BINDIR   = /usr/bin

LOCDIR   = /usr/share/locale
PLUGINDIR= ./PLUGINS
PLUGINLIBDIR= /usr/lib/vdr/plugins
VIDEODIR = /media/video
CONFDIR  = /etc/vdr

### The remote control:

LIRC_DEVICE = /dev/null
RCU_DEVICE  = /dev/ttyS1

## Define if you want vdr to not run as root
VDR_USER = root

### VDR-Extensions:
# Comment the patches you don't need
# DVDCHAPJUMP needs DVDARCHIVE enabled
# DVDARCHIVE needs LIEMIEXT enabled
# SORTRECORDS needs LIEMIEXT enabled
# you can only enable MENUORG or SETUP

#ANALOGTV = 1
#ATSC = 1
#CHANNELSCAN = 1
CMDRECCMDI18N = 1
CMDSUBMENU = 1
#CUTTERLIMIT = 1
#CUTTERQUEUE = 1
CUTTIME = 1
DDEPGENTRY = 1
#DELTIMESHIFTREC = 1
DOLBYINREC = 1
#DVBSETUP = 1
#DVDARCHIVE = 1
#DVDCHAPJUMP = 1
#DVLFRIENDLYFNAMES = 1
#DVLRECSCRIPTADDON = 1
#DVLVIDPREFER = 1
#EM84XX = 1
#GRAPHTFT = 1
#HARDLINKCUTTER = 1
#JUMPPLAY = 1
LIEMIEXT = 1
#LIRCSETTINGS = 1
#LNBSHARE = 1
#MAINMENUHOOKS = 1
#MENUORG = 1
#NOEPG = 1
#OSDMAXITEMS = 1
#PARENTALRATING = 1
#PINPLUGIN = 1
PLUGINAPI = 1
PLUGINMISSING = 1
#PLUGINPARAM = 1
ROTOR = 1
SETTIME = 1
#SETUP = 1
#SOFTOSD = 1
#SOURCECAPS = 1
#SORTRECORDS = 1
STREAMDEVEXT = 1
#TIMERCMD = 1
#TIMERINFO = 1
#TTXTSUBS = 1
#VALIDINPUT = 1
#VOLCTRL = 1
WAREAGLEICON = 1
YAEPG = 1

### You don't need to touch the following:

ifdef DVBDIR
INCLUDES += -I$(DVBDIR)/include
endif

ifdef ANALOGTV
DEFINES += -DUSE_ANALOGTV
endif

ifdef ATSC
DEFINES += -DUSE_ATSC
endif

ifdef CHANNELSCAN
DEFINES += -DUSE_CHANNELSCAN
endif

ifdef CMDRECCMDI18N
DEFINES += -DUSE_CMDRECCMDI18N
endif

ifdef CMDSUBMENU
DEFINES += -DUSE_CMDSUBMENU
endif

ifdef CUTTERLIMIT
DEFINES += -DUSE_CUTTERLIMIT
endif

ifdef CUTTERQUEUE
DEFINES += -DUSE_CUTTERQUEUE
endif

ifdef CUTTIME
DEFINES += -DUSE_CUTTIME
endif

ifdef DDEPGENTRY
DEFINES += -DUSE_DDEPGENTRY
endif

ifdef DELTIMESHIFTREC
DEFINES += -DUSE_DELTIMESHIFTREC
endif

ifdef DOLBYINREC
DEFINES += -DUSE_DOLBYINREC
endif

ifdef DVBSETUP
DEFINES += -DUSE_DVBSETUP
endif

ifdef DVDARCHIVE
ifdef LIEMIEXT
DEFINES += -DUSE_DVDARCHIVE
endif
endif

ifdef DVLRECSCRIPTADDON
DEFINES += -DUSE_DVLRECSCRIPTADDON
endif

ifdef DVLVIDPREFER
DEFINES += -DUSE_DVLVIDPREFER
endif

ifdef DVLFRIENDLYFNAMES
DEFINES += -DUSE_DVLFRIENDLYFNAMES
endif

ifdef EM84XX
DEFINES += -DUSE_EM84XX
endif

ifdef GRAPHTFT
DEFINES += -DUSE_GRAPHTFT
endif

ifdef HARDLINKCUTTER
DEFINES += -DUSE_HARDLINKCUTTER
endif

ifdef JUMPPLAY
DEFINES += -DUSE_JUMPPLAY
endif

ifdef LIEMIEXT
DEFINES += -DUSE_LIEMIEXT
endif

ifdef LIRCSETTINGS
DEFINES += -DUSE_LIRCSETTINGS
endif

ifdef LNBSHARE
DEFINES += -DUSE_LNBSHARE
endif

ifdef MAINMENUHOOKS
DEFINES += -DUSE_MAINMENUHOOKS
endif

ifdef MENUORG
DEFINES += -DUSE_MENUORG
else
ifdef SETUP
DEFINES += -DUSE_SETUP
endif
endif

ifdef NOEPG
DEFINES += -DUSE_NOEPG
endif

ifdef OSDMAXITEMS
DEFINES += -DUSE_OSDMAXITEMS
endif

ifdef PARENTALRATING
DEFINES += -DUSE_PARENTALRATING
endif

ifdef PINPLUGIN
DEFINES += -DUSE_PINPLUGIN
endif

ifdef PLUGINMISSING
DEFINES += -DUSE_PLUGINMISSING
endif

ifdef PLUGINPARAM
DEFINES += -DUSE_PLUGINPARAM
endif

ifdef ROTOR
DEFINES += -DUSE_ROTOR
endif

ifdef SETTIME
DEFINES += -DUSE_SETTIME
endif

ifdef SOFTOSD
DEFINES += -DUSE_SOFTOSD
endif

ifdef SOURCECAPS
DEFINES += -DUSE_SOURCECAPS
endif

ifdef SORTRECORDS
ifdef LIEMIEXT
DEFINES += -DUSE_SORTRECORDS
endif
endif

ifdef STREAMDEVEXT
DEFINES += -DUSE_STREAMDEVEXT
endif

ifdef TIMERCMD
DEFINES += -DUSE_TIMERCMD
endif

ifdef TIMERINFO
DEFINES += -DUSE_TIMERINFO
endif

ifdef TTXTSUBS
DEFINES += -DUSE_TTXTSUBS
endif

ifdef VALIDINPUT
DEFINES += -DUSE_VALIDINPUT
endif

ifdef VOLCTRL
DEFINES += -DUSE_VOLCTRL
endif

ifdef WAREAGLEICON
DEFINES += -DUSE_WAREAGLEICON
endif

ifdef YAEPG
DEFINES += -DUSE_YAEPG
endif
Now we can start with the rest:

Code:
mkdir /media/video
mkdir -p /usr/lib/vdr/plugins
mkdir -p /usr/lib/vdr/scripts
mkdir -p /etc/vdr/plugins
mkdir -P /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/lib
make
make plugins
make install
cp -a svdrpsend.pl /usr/bin
cp *.conf /etc/vdr/
vdr-xine 0.9.3 - software output plugin
Code:
cd /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src
wget http://home.vrweb.de/~rnissl/vdr-xine-0.9.3.tgz
tar xivf vdr-xine-0.9.3.tgz
ln -s xine-0.9.3 xine
cd xine/data
mkdir /etc/vdr/plugins/xine
cp * /etc/vdr/plugins/xine
make plugins
make install-plugins
sc TRUNK - softcam plugin
Code:
cd /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src
apt-get install libssl-dev 
apt-get install libbz2-dev
hg clone -r trunk http://85.17.209.13:6100/
make plugins
make install
mkdir -p /etc/vdr/plugins/sc
OSD Teletext - Teletext plugin
Code:
cd /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src
wget http://projects.vdr-developer.org/attachments/download/116/
make plugins
make install
mkdir -p /var/cache/vdr/vtx
Femon - Signal Information plugin
Code:
cd /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src
wget http://www.saunalahti.fi/~rahrenbe/vdr/femon/files/
make plugins
make install
Remote - Remote plugin
Code:
cd /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src
wget http://www.escape-edv.de/endriss/vdr/vdr-remote-0.4.0.tgz
tar xzvf vdr-remote-0.4.0.tgz
ln -s remote-0.4.0 remote
cd remote
sed -i Makefile -e 's/VDRVERSION/
make plugins
make install
EnigmaNG - VDR Skin
Code:
cd /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src
wget http://andreas.vdr-developer.org/enigmang/download/
make plugins
make install
mkdir -p /etc/vdr/plugins/skinenigmang
cd /etc/vdr/plugins
wget http://andreas.vdr-developer.org/enigmang/download/skinenigmang-logos-xpm-hi-20070702.tgz
wget http://andreas.vdr-developer.org/enigmang/download/skinenigmang-channellogos-xpm-hi-20070702.tgz
tar xzvf skinenigmang-logos-xpm-hi-20070702.tgz
tar xzvf skinenigmang-channellogos-xpm-hi-20070702.tgz
Skin Reel - VDR Skin
Code:
cd /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src
wget http://rsync16.de.gentoo.org/files/vdr-skinreel/vdr-skinreel-0.0.1.tgz
tar xzvf vdr-skinreel-0.0.1.tgz
ln -s skinreel-0.0.1 skinreel
cd skinreel
sed -i Makefile -e 's/VDRVERSION/APIVERSION/g'
cp -r skinreel /etc/vdr/
make plugins
make install
3. Configuration

Since we now have VDR and the plugins installed. We can continue with the configuration of VDR and other items.

3.1. VDR and Plugins

With the command /usr/bin/vdr --help you get an overview of the options of VDR and it's plugins. This information is very important for configuring VDR or the plugins.

To make life easier, we create a script called /var/bin/runvdr which can be edited with for instance mcedit (apt-get install mc), nano or vi. I use the following configuration myself:
Code:
export LANG=en_EN
export LC_COLLATE=en_EN

PATH=/usr/local/bin:$PATH

VDRPRG="/usr/bin/vdr"
VDRCMD="/usr/bin/vdr -c /etc/vdr -E /var/vdr -l 3 \
        -s /var/bin/vdrpoweroff.sh \
        -P sc \
        -P femon \
        -P skinreel \
        -P xine \
        -u root \
        $*"

KILL="/usr/bin/killall -q -TERM"

# Detect whether the DVB driver is already loaded
# and return 0 if it *is* loaded, 1 if not:
DriverLoaded()
{
  return 1
}

# Load all DVB driver modules needed for your hardware:
LoadDriver ()
{

  return 0

}

# Unload all DVB driver modules loaded in LoadDriver():
UnloadDriver ()
{

  return 0

}

# Load driver if it hasn't been loaded already:
if ! DriverLoaded; then
   LoadDriver
   fi

while (true) do
      eval "$VDRCMD"
      if test $? -eq 0 -o $? -eq 2; then exit; fi
      echo "`date` reloading DVB driver"
      $KILL $VDRPRG
      sleep 10
      UnloadDriver
      LoadDriver
      echo "`date` restarting VDR"
      done
Pay close attention to the -P items. Those are the plugins which we're going to use and with -P we enable them and plugins with options should go between quotes using the following way: 'pluginname options'. Use the --help switch with the vdr binary, to get the overview off the options from VDR as well as the plugins.

One of the items which could be usefull, is the options with the remote plugin. Since I use the included Hauppauge remote, I use the input portion of the DVB driver. With the remote plugin I can call the input portion of the DVB driver. Since many DVB cards have are included with a remote, you can use the remote plugin to use that remote. To find out what the correct syntax is for the input location, you can do the following:

Code:
[email protected]:~# cd /dev/input/by-path/
[email protected]:/dev/input/by-path# ls -il
total 0
11787 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2008-09-06 16:56 pci-0000:00:04.0-usb-0:2:1.3-event- -> ../event2
12213 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2008-09-06 16:56 pci-0000:01:06.0--event-ir -> ../event7
12434 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2008-09-06 16:56 pci-1-3--event-ir -> ../event8
11766 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2008-09-06 16:56 platform-i8042-serio-0-event-kbd -> ../event1
11834 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2008-09-06 16:56 platform-i8042-serio-1-event-mouse -> ../event6
11844 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2008-09-06 16:56 platform-i8042-serio-1-mouse -> ../mouse1
11855 lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 9 2008-09-06 16:56 platform-pcspkr-event-spkr -> ../event3
As you can see, my remote is linked to pci-0000:01:06.0--event-ir (or /dev/input/event7) and that's what I use as input for the -i switch with the remote plugin. I don't use the location /dev/input/event7 since this can change when you rmmod and insmod the drivers again. And the ID of the PCI device won't change, so that's propably safer to use.

You can also use the remote plugin to use the lircd driver instead of the input driver. The lircd daemon/driver is needed when we want to use for instance a MCE remote. When we compiled the xine-ui part, we installed the lircd portion and you (hopefully) your remote. If you did not, you can do it again with the command dpkg-reconfigure lirc-modules-source. You can then use the following line in runvdr for using the remote plugin with the lircd:
Code:
-P'remote -l /dev/lircd' \
3.2. DISEqC

As you can see in my signature, I have a Wavefrontier T55 and it's installed with 4 LNB's aiming on 19.2e, 13.0e, 23.5e, 28.2e and 28.5e. The LNB's are then connected to a DISEqC 1.0 switch which uses the AA till BB configuration for switching. To use DISEqC we need to do two things, mainly edit /etc/vdr/diseqc.conf and enable DISEqC in the VDR setup.

As an example, I use the following configuration with my DISEqC switch and DVB card:
Code:
# port 1 option a position a
# port 2 option a position b
# port 3 option b position a
# port 4 option b position b
#
# DISEQC 4/1 setting on TT S2-3200
#
# port 1
S19.2E  11700 V  9750   t v W15 [E0 10 38 F0] W100 [E0 10 38 F0] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 t
S19.2E  99999 V 10600   t v W15 [E0 10 38 F1] W100 [E0 10 38 F1] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 T
S19.2E  11700 H  9750   t V W15 [E0 10 38 F2] W100 [E0 10 38 F2] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 t
S19.2E  99999 H 10600   t V W15 [E0 10 38 F3] W100 [E0 10 38 F3] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 T
# port 2
S13.0E  11700 V  9750   t v W15 [E0 10 38 F4] W100 [E0 10 38 F4] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 t
S13.0E  99999 V 10600   t v W15 [E0 10 38 F5] W100 [E0 10 38 F5] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 T
S13.0E  11700 H  9750   t V W15 [E0 10 38 F6] W100 [E0 10 38 F6] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 t
S13.0E  99999 H 10600   t V W15 [E0 10 38 F7] W100 [E0 10 38 F7] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 T
# port 3
S23.5E  11700 V  9750   t v W15 [E0 10 38 F8] W100 [E0 10 38 F8] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 t
S23.5E  99999 V 10600   t v W15 [E0 10 38 F9] W100 [E0 10 38 F9] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 T
S23.5E  11700 H  9750   t V W15 [E0 10 38 FA] W100 [E0 10 38 FA] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 t
S23.5E  99999 H 10600   t V W15 [E0 10 38 FB] W100 [E0 10 38 FB] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 A W15 T
# port 4
S28.2E  11700 V  9750   t v W15 [E0 10 38 FC] W100 [E0 10 38 FC] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 t
S28.2E  99999 V 10600   t v W15 [E0 10 38 FD] W100 [E0 10 38 FD] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 T
S28.2E  11700 H  9750   t V W15 [E0 10 38 FE] W100 [E0 10 38 FE] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 t
S28.2E  99999 H 10600   t V W15 [E0 10 38 FF] W100 [E0 10 38 FF] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 T
S28.5E  11700 V  9750   t v W15 [E0 10 38 FC] W100 [E0 10 38 FC] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 t
S28.5E  99999 V 10600   t v W15 [E0 10 38 FD] W100 [E0 10 38 FD] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 T
S28.5E  11700 H  9750   t V W15 [E0 10 38 FE] W100 [E0 10 38 FE] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 t
S28.5E  99999 H 10600   t V W15 [E0 10 38 FF] W100 [E0 10 38 FF] W100 [E0 11 00] W100 B W15 T
While we can't enable DISEqC yet, you do this later when you have VDR running. To enable DISEqC within VDR, Press the configured Menu button -> Goto Setup -> Goto LNB -> Set the option Use DISEqC to Yes -> Acknowledge with the configured OK button.

3.3. CCcam and the sc plugin

When you installed the sc plugin, you're adviced to create some scripts and download the CCcam.x86 binaries to get CCcam running. To make one thing clearly, CCcam on Linux/X86 requires a preload so that the sc plugin can read/write the data to unlock the channel.

To make your (and mine ;) ) life easier, we create an init.d and run scripts called cccam (/etc/init.d/cccam) and run.sh (/var/bin/run.sh). Also required is the ca.c (/var/bin/ca.c) file which is used for the preload. The files have the following contents:

File: /etc/init.d/cccam
Code:
#!/bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          CCcam
# Required-Start:    $network
# Required-Stop:     $network
# Default-Start:     3 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 2 6
# Description:       Start, Stop or Restart the CCcam softcam
### END INIT INFO 

# Shell functions sourced from /etc/rc.status:
set -e

# Reset status of this service
# rc_reset

# 
case "$1" in
    start)
        echo -n "Starting CCcam "
	/var/bin/run.sh &
        # Remember status and be verbose
        ;;
    stop)
        echo -n "Shutting down CCcam "
		killall run.sh
		killall CCcam.x86
        # Remember status and be verbose
        ;;
    restart)
        echo -n "Restart CCcam "
        $0 stop
        $0 start 
        # Remember status and be quiet
        ;;
    *)
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"
        exit 1
        ;;
esac
# rc_exit
exit 0
File: /var/bin/run.sh
Code:
#!/bin/sh
cd /var/bin
gcc -march=pentium -mmmx -fomit-frame-pointer -fexpensive-optimizations -funroll-loops -fPIC -shared -o ca.so ca.c -ldl
LD_PRELOAD=./ca.so ; export LD_PRELOAD
while [ 1 ];
do
 ./CCcam.x86 -d > /var/log/CCcam.log
done
File: /var/bin/ca.c
Code:
cp /usr/local/src/vdr/PLUGINS/src/sc/contrib/cccam_ca.c /var/bin/ca.c
Last we need to make the scripts executable:
Code:
chmod a+x /etc/init.d/cccam
chmod a+x /var/bin/run.sh
This scipt has the options: start (start CCcam), stop (stop CCcam) and restart (restart CCcam) -> Example: /etc/init.d/cccam start. With this script the preload will be done automaticly and it infact starts the /var/bin/run.sh script which then compiles the preload file and starts CCcam in debug mode. WARNING! Never run the CCcam.x86 binary, use the run.sh script instead!

Also, before starting VDR, make sure you have the CCcam instance running. It can take a while before the CCcam run is completed. Configuring CCcam can be done using the file /var/etc/CCcam.cfg.

When we installed the sc plugin, you also need to tell the plugin how to connect using the cardclient.conf file (full location: /etc/vdr/plugins/sc/cardclient.conf). The following configuration is needed for use with CCcam, create the file using vi, nano or mc:

Code:
#
# Comment lines can start with # or ;
#
# every client line starts with the client name, followed by some arguments:
# 'hostname' is the name of the server
# 'port'     is the port on the server
# 'emm'      is a flag to allow EMM transfers to the server
#            (0=disabled 1=enabled)
# 'caid'     (optional) caid on which this client should work
# 'mask'     (optional) mask for caid e.g. caid=1700 mask=FF00 would allow
#            anything between 1700 & 17FF.
#            Default is 1700 & FF00. If only caid is given mask is FFFF.
#            You may give multiple caid/mask values comma separated
#            (e.g. 1702,1722,0d0c/ff00).
# 'username' is the login username
# 'password' is the login password
#
# radegast client
# radegast:hostname:port:emm/caid/mask
#
# aroureos client
# 'hexbase'
# 'hexserial' card data for which EMM updates should be send
# aroureos:hostname:port:emm/caid/mask:hexbase:hexserial
#
# camd33 client (tcp protocol)
# 'aeskey'   is the AES key (32bytes), disable encryption if missing
# camd33:hostname:port:emm/caid/mask:username:password:aeskey
#
# camd35 client (udp protocol)
# camd35:hostname:port:emm/caid/mask:username:password
#
# cardd client
# cardd:hostname:port:emm/caid/mask:username:password
#
# buffy client
# 'aeskey'   is the AES key (32bytes), disable encryption if missing
# buffy:hostname:port:emm:username:password:aeskey
#
# newcamd client
# 'cfgkey' is the config key (28bytes)
# newcamd:hostname:port:emm/caid/mask:username:password:cfgKey
#
# gbox client
#
# NOTE: hostname & port will be ignore. GBOX must be runnning on the local
# machine. For convinience you should choose localhost:8004
# gbox:hostname:port:emm/caid/mask
#
# ccam client
#
# NOTE: hostname will be ignore. CCcam must be runnning on the local machine
# 'socket' is the name of the camd socket file. For multiple cards add %d
# into the string. This will be replaced with the number 0-3.
# e.g. /var/emu/chroot%d/tmp/camd.socket
cccam:127.0.0.1:9000:1/0000/0000:/tmp/camd.socket
All CAID's from VDR will be put through CCcam with the current config. You can also edit the file and add newcamd, gbox, camd3, etc connections as well. Just remember, the priority is based upon the location. The 1st line is the 1st to be checked if it can open the channel.

3.4. Channels.conf

The default channels.conf is a bit empty, only some FTA channels from Astra 19.2e are there. If you want to add other channels and or sats, you can use the pre-scanned files from the Linowsat Settings VDR channels.conf page. With wget or a browser you can download the files. If you want to add multiple sats, be sure to download the file you want and cat it to the channels.conf (example: cat all.conf >> /var/etc/channels.conf).

The channels.conf itself, is just plain text file. So you can edit it with an editor and change it to your liking. Just make sure you have shutdown VDR before editing the file, otherwise your contributions will be overwritten. Items starting with :-> are infact bouquets names. With the config from linowsat, it's been set on the transponder and satellite. But offcourse you can add your own bouquet and change it for instance the provider.

To go through the bouquets, just watch a channel and press the button which is configured for left and right. When you are at your wanted bouquet, simply press the configured button for OK and it will change to the first channel in the bouqet.

3.5. Running VDR

If you have configured the runvdr script, we can now start VDR. Also for your convinience we create a init.d script called vdr (full location: /etc/init.d/vdr), create it using vi, nano or mc:

Code:
#!/bin/sh
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          VDR
# Required-Start:    $network
# Required-Stop:     $network
# Default-Start:     3 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 2 6
# Description:       Start, Stop or Restart VDR
### END INIT INFO 

# Shell functions sourced from /etc/rc.status:
set -e

# Reset status of this service
# rc_reset

# 
case "$1" in
    start)
        echo -n "Starting VDR "
		/var/bin/runvdr >> /var/log/vdr.log &
        # Remember status and be verbose
        ;;
    stop)
        echo -n "Shutting down VDR "
		killall runvdr
		killall vdr
        # Remember status and be verbose
        ;;
    restart)
        echo -n "Restart VDR "
        $0 stop
        $0 start 

        # Remember status and be quiet
        ;;
    *)
        echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart}"
        exit 1
        ;;
esac
# rc_exit
exit 0
After creating the file, make sure that the runvdr and the init.d script can be executed:

Code:
chmod a+x /var/bin/runvdr
chmod a+x /etc/init.d/vdr
With the options start, stop and restart you can start, stop or restart the VDR process. The output of VDR is being written to the file /var/log/user.log. So if it fails, be sure to check that file for information about the error.

Since we use the vdr-xine plugin, we use the xine frontend to watch the VDR output. To start xine, simply login into your X-session and when the desktop is shown, open a Terminal Session and type the following:

Code:
/usr/bin/xine -V xv -f -r anamorphic  --post vdr_video --post vdr_audio --post upmix_mono --post vdr --verbose=2 "vdr:/tmp/vdr-xine/stream#demux:mpeg_pes"
With the above option the xine binary will start. Additionally you can change the -V switch to VDPAU if you used the Xine-VDPAU part of this tutorial. Ultimately you can use a frontend like oxine or Linux MMS to start xine. But to be honest, this is outside of this tutorial ;)

When you start VDR for the first time, you'll need to configure your remote. Just press any key of the remote and follow the onscreen information. It's rather easy to understand and to setup your remote.

4. Some last words and knowhow

VDR is extremely flexible and can be expanded with a lot of plugins. I helped you with the plugins I think will be used the most. Just to make sure, most of the plugins have the option to be configured within VDR. To do this, press the button which is configured for Menu, goto Setup, select plugins and select the plugin you want to configure.

One important thing is, that options set within VDR must be applied by pressing the button which is configured for OK. If you don't do this, your changes will be reset to the original values.

If people encounter problems when viewing HDTV channels or if you can't lock onto a channel. The easiest way to check this, is to see if you get EPG information. If not, check the modulation and settings of the DVB-S2 transponder by going to the channellist, select your channel and press the Red button (edit). Edit the transponder information with the help of the kingofsat.net satellite information. Also, it can take a while before VDR changes the CAID's and that the sc plugin pick them up. Just be patient and eventually the channel will open (if you have correct subscription).

Concerning HDTV, with the following options you can modify the behaviour of ffmpeg when viewing h264 streams. Change these options in $HOME/.xine/config with the editor of your choice. Be sure to shutdown vdr-sxfe and VDR before changing.

Code:
video.processing.ffmpeg_choose_speed_over_accuracy:1
video.processing.ffmpeg_pp_quality:0
video.processing.ffmpeg_skip_loop_filter:all
# number of cores you have in your system:
video.processing.ffmpeg_thread_count:2
In combination with VDPAU you need to edit $HOME/.xine/config and enable the following settings:

[code]
# default number of video frames
# numeric, default: 15
engine.buffers.video_num_frames:22

# Choose speed over specification compliance
# bool, default: 0
video.processing.ffmpeg_choose_speed_over_accuracy :1

# MPEG-4 postprocessing quality
# [0..6], default: 3
video.processing.ffmpeg_pp_quality:0

# Skip loop filter
# { default none nonref bidir nonkey all }, default: 0
video.processing.ffmpeg_skip_loop_filter:all

# FFmpeg video decoding thread count
# numeric, default: 1
video.processing.ffmpeg_thread_count:2
[code]

Anyway, I hope you like this tutorial. And many thanks to several people, especially cr0w and Jackblow! If you do like this tutorial, please use the Thanks button in this thread!

//Shalafi


-=[ Ubuntu Linux 9.04 | VDR 1.7.9 | HVR-4000 | eHD | Wavefield T55]=-

Last edited by shalafi; 17-August-2009 at 01:06..
   
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15-July-2009, 18:47

thank u mr shalafi i will try it today

good job
   
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15-July-2009, 20:47

Thanks, i'm gonna try it tomorrow.

I've failed with every other guide but i want to get it working once and for all!
   
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can you make it as iso image dvd
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can you make it as iso image dvd - 16-July-2009, 09:22

dear shlafi can you make it as iso image dvd
   
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16-July-2009, 10:50

Quote:
Originally Posted by ashaheen View Post
dear shlafi can you make it as iso image dvd
That would be amazing!


<== - No Local ATM | CCcam | 1Gbps VPS - ==>
   
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help me
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help me - 16-July-2009, 16:44

how ican install deriver and firmware for nova dvb-s2
   
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16-July-2009, 18:17

Quote:
Originally Posted by SeanCorky View Post
That would be amazing!
Sorry but no. This takes to much time to get it working for me. Besides, it's my intention to give this information to the public instead of keeping it to myself. This way you somebody else could use this tutorial and spread it to other sites as well.

(16-July-2009 17:18)
Quote:
Originally Posted by ashaheen View Post
how ican install deriver and firmware for nova dvb-s2
Not needed. As stated in the beginning, S2API is part of Kernel 2.6.28+ and there for part of Xubuntu 9.04. It even has the correct firmware in place allready. If not, try to manually install Igor's repo and change/update the firmware using my other tutorial.

//Shalafi


-=[ Ubuntu Linux 9.04 | VDR 1.7.9 | HVR-4000 | eHD | Wavefield T55]=-

Last edited by shalafi; 16-July-2009 at 18:18.. Reason: Automerged Doublepost
   
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17-July-2009, 12:38

Very good guide. I have read your previous guides and JackBlow's at dvbn. I have also built a vdr ubuntu based box the last days and I have some issues (I don't use VDPAU for now, though I have an 8400GS as well - I am trying to test the software only decoding)

On every channel change, the first seconds I get a slow-motion video stream without audio, which then fast forwards to catch up with the audio. After that, the stream is in sync, until next channel change. I have an HVR-4000 and a Technotrend S2-3200. This happens on both cards, in encoded or FTA channels. Do you experience any similar problems?
I have also tried libxineoutput plugin. This doesn't have the slow-motion/fast-forward problem, but I have some scaling problems with it (video is very ugly - like that it has been resized to smaller resolution or something) and in 1080i HD streams it performs much worse than vdr-xine.

My second issue is that in many H.264 HD channels (for example MTVN HD in Hotbird), xine cannot scale the decoding to both cpu cores, thus dropping frames. I run a Core2Duo ar 3GHz and you see that one core is 90-95% utilized when the other one is only 10-20%.

What advantages the remote plugin offers? vdr already supports lirc natively (I am using native lirc support with an imon remote)

My system is ubuntu 9.04 with karmic kernel 2.6.30 (for alsa 1.0.20), intel 2.7.1 xorg driver from x-updates PPA (for better G45 support), core2duo 3GHz, 2GB RAM, G45 motherboard, Hauppauge HVR-4000 and Technotrend S2-3200 DVB adapters.

(17-July-2009 11:40)
Quote:
Originally Posted by walou View Post
I have HVR-4000, it has two frontends : one for DVB-S/S2 and the second for DVB-T.
I can see DVB-S channels in VDR, but how to get DVB-T too ?

Thank you.
I think that if you populate your channels.conf with DVB-T channels, they will be used.

w_scan can scan DVB-C, DVB-T and DVB-S/S2 channels. You can get it at
http://wirbel.htpc-forum.de/w_scan/w...090528.tar.bz2

Last edited by malakudi; 17-July-2009 at 12:45.. Reason: Automerged Doublepost
   
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can this be via alsa sound
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can this be via alsa sound - 17-July-2009, 13:27

can this be via alsa sound
   
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17-July-2009, 17:10

I followed this step by step last night (without VDPAU as my GeForce 8300 GS is only 128mb) and i got an 'xv' error that my hardware didnt support YUV12

I'll post the full error later this evening to see if anyone can help


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